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Project Fanadiovana

Improving public health in Fort Dauphin through establishing community-led sanitation services and improving hygiene practices in partnership with local actors


•    Status: Seeking funding
•    Duration: 1 Year for Stage 1
•    Target population: 83,000 residents of Fort Dauphin
•    Location: Urban Commune of Fort Dauphin

Why is it important?

Just 12% of Madagascar’s 24 million people have access to improved sanitation, making it the fourth least developed country in the world for sanitation (WHO/UNICEF, 2015). Moreover, up to 40% of the population still regularly openly defecate, with a further 48% only having access to unimproved pit latrines where waste is uncontained and not properly disposed of (WHO/UNICEF, 2015). Open defecation, along with unsafely managed faecal sludge, are significant risk factors for diarrhoea and other waterborne diseases, through contamination of food and water sources.

In Fort Dauphin, there is a critical lack of sanitation infrastructure with no public waste treatment site or adequate provision for transporting and managing human waste. There are not enough latrines to go around; multiple households often share one latrine, causing latrines to fill up quickly. Lack of space in the town centre, along with informal emptying services, prevents proper burying and safe disposal of faecal sludge. Instead, full latrines often fall into disrepair or are abandoned, leading some households to revert back to open defecation. With only an estimated 2% of faecal sludge generated in Fort Dauphin safely managed and treated, there is a clear and pressing need for the development of safe and sustainable sanitation services.

Every US$1 invested in sanitation sees a return of $5.50 in lower health costs, more productivity and fewer premature deaths.

WHO, 2016

What we're doing

Project Fanadiovana will support the community to establish an effective and sustainable sanitation service chain, which will provide latrine emptying, waste transportation and safe waste management services in Fort Dauphin. SEED will work with local partners, stakeholders and private actors to establish a sanitation business capable of providing and running these services, thus ensuring the service chain is market-driven, community-led and ultimately sustainable. By pursuing three complementary strategies; 1) engaging local partners, 2) promoting healthy sanitation practices, and 3) developing infrastructure and services, the project will also work to effect wide-spread behaviour change surrounding latrine use and sanitation practices.

Project Fanadiovana will be delivered in two stages; a one-year feasibility and assessment stage (Stage I) followed by an implementation and MEL stage (Stage II). The main objective of Stage I is to lay the necessary foundations for establishing FSM services that are suitable for the local context in Fort Dauphin. Thus, the primary project activities for Stage 1 will include:

  • Conducting research and assessments on the most appropriate systems for faecal sludge emptying, transportation and treatment
  • Promoting engagement from the community and key stakeholders
  • Piloting a scheme to build the capacity of latrine emptiers
  • Developing a comprehensive sustainability plan to ensure proposed services are financially viable and able to continue to operative effective after project close

Malio 2010 Amparihy latrine


We are currently seeking funding for this initiative. If you are interested in funding Project Fanadiovana, please get in touch!