Conducting collaborative research and local conservation awareness-raising to enhance the long-term survival of Pteropus rufus and contribute to an international body of knowledge regarding their lifecycle and behaviour.
Pteropus rufus (P. rufus) is a species of fruit megabat
unique to Madagascar, roosting predominantly in coastal regions, within a
range of habitats. P. rufus is an important species for the general
health of the forest as its ability to travel long distances each night in
search of food makes it a valuable long-distance seed disperser and pollinator,
especially important to fragmented forest ecosystems such as in the Anosy
region. The Sainte Luce colony is of significant importance as it roosts within
a large, botanically diverse forest fragment within the Sainte Luce littoral
forest. There is currently one colony of P. rufus inhabiting the Sainte
Luce littoral forest but it faces great threats from the local community who
also depend upon the forest for survival.
P. rufus is listed as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List, based on an estimated population reduction of over 30% in the last three generationsIUCN, 2016
Research conducted by the SEED Madagascar Conservation Research Programme (SCRP) estimates that since 1982 the P. rufus population in Sainte Luce has decreased by 65%. SEED needs to support the development of a comprehensive conservation strategy from within the community if the Sainte Luce colony is going to survive.
Currently our Conservation Research Programme volunteers are collecting data on the feeding habits of the Sainte Luce colony of P. rufus, to advise on a unique conservation strategy for the colony. Whilst volunteers are conducting this research, SEED staff have been working with the local community and key stakeholders to develop a locally enforced protected area around the colony’s roost tree. With the endorsement of local organisations, a ban on hunting and logging will be enforced, limiting the threats to the population. Our Community Development volunteers have also been involved with Project Rufus, recently building and erecting a bat hide in the protected area. This will allow guided tours to be run by local guides to view the bats whilst causing minimal disturbance to the colony. These tours will provide an alternative source of income to logging and hunting for the local community, and enhance ownership of the conservation effort within Sainte Luce.
Project Rufus also supports environmental education as a method of conservation. SCRP staff and volunteers have been conducting environmental education sessions in the two schools in Sainte Luce and conducting mass mobilisation events across the community. SEED anticipates that highlighting the importance of P. rufus and raising awareness of its local threats will allow the communities to identify, monitor and tackle the threats to its survival.
Principal donors to the project include: Rufford Foundation, Phoenix Zoo, Minnesota Zoo, James Hall, and Lake District Wildlife Park.
We are seeking funding for the second phase of the project. If you are interested in funding Project Rufus please get in touch.