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Rural Livelihoods

Did you know that Madagascar is one of the poorest countries in the world? Most Malagasy people have to rely on the land to scrape a living through agriculture and fishing, struggling to earn enough money to feed themselves and their families. Where we work, in the isolated Anosy region of southeast Madagascar, poverty levels are amongst the highest in the country with a serious lack of employment opportunities, particularly for women.

Average annual income for an agricultural household in Anosy is 686,000 Ariary (approximately £170) – among the poorest in the country

INSTAT, 2010

Whilst SEED Madagascar first sought to focus on conserving endangered areas, it soon became clear that we could not protect the environment without also considering the people who depend on these resources on a daily basis. We work to develop sustainable employment and business opportunities for local people, providing them with skills that can also be passed on to future generations.

Current projects

Woman with Mahampy reeds


Increasing income for female traditional weavers and sustainable resource management of the mahampy reed beds.

Project Mahampy
Malagasy honey bees


Working to improve the sustainability and viability of beekeeping as a livelihood amongst rural communities in the Anosy region.

Project Renitantely
Beautiful handmade embroidery products

Stitch Sainte Luce

Teaching embroidery, language and business skills to local women, to provide a sustainable livelihood.

Stitch Sainte Luce
Lobsters in a basket at a small-scale fishery


Strengthening community-based, sustainable fisheries management and the economic resilience of fishing households in southeast Madagascar.

Project Oratsimba

Completed projects

Finished reusable sanitary pads

Mahampy: MHM

A pilot project teaching women how to make and use reusable Menstrual Hygiene Management (MHM) sanitary pads.

Project Mahampy: MHM
Cooked edible insects in a bowl


Through edible insect farming, Project Sakondry aims to increase access to sustainable and nutrient-rich protein sources, increasing food security and providing livelihoods.

Edible insect farming
A boy carries moringa seedlings


Developing livelihoods, improving health and facilitating conservation through agro-forestry, beekeeping and fuel-efficient stoves.

Project Mitsinjo
A bee being inspected


Working to build the capacity of rural beekeepers in preventing, identifying and treating hive infestations of the varroa mite across the Anosy region.

Project Varroa